Understanding Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Not only does having healthy teeth make you look better, but it’s also important for your general health. One of the most common oral health issues that people face is gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. At New Image Dental in Inglewood, we know how important it is to teach our patients about gum disease, including what causes it, how to spot its signs, and the different ways it can be treated to keep their smiles healthy. This piece will go into great detail about gum disease, showing you how it can affect your oral health and giving you tips on how to treat it and keep it from happening.

Understanding Gum Disease

Millions of people around the world suffer from gum disease, which is a common mouth health problem. The deposition of plaque, a viscous bacterial film, on the teeth and gums is the primary cause. If you don’t treat this plaque, it can harden into tartar over time, which can cause a lot of problems.

Causes of Gum Disease:

Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing habits can allow plaque to build up, increasing the risk of gum disease.

Tobacco Use: Tobacco use, including smoking and chomping, substantially increases the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Dietary Habits: Consuming a diet high in sugary and starchy foods can promote bacterial growth, contributing to gum disease.

Medical Conditions: Conditions like diabetes and autoimmune disorders can increase the risk of gum disease.

Recognizing The Symptoms

Gum disease typically progresses slowly, and its early stages may go unnoticed. However, recognizing the symptoms is crucial for timely intervention. Here are some common signs to watch out for:

  1. Gum Inflammation: Redness, swelling, and tenderness of the gums can be an early sign of gum disease.
  2. Bleeding Gums: Gums that bleed while brushing or flossing are a clear indication of a problem.
  3. Persistent Bad Breath: Chronic poor odor, or halitosis, may result from gum disease-related bacterial growth in the mouth.
  4. Receding Gums: Gums that are pulling away from the teeth can expose tooth roots, leading to increased sensitivity.
  5. Loose Teeth: Advanced gum disease can lead to tooth mobility and, if left untreated, tooth loss.

Stages Of Gum Disease

Gum disease progresses in stages, with each stage requiring different levels of treatment. It’s essential to catch it early to prevent it from advancing. The stages of gum disease are:

  1. Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage, characterized by gum inflammation and bleeding. It is usually reversible with improved oral hygiene and professional cleanings.
  2. Periodontitis: In this stage, the supporting bone and fibers holding teeth in place are damaged. Treatment is more involved and may include scaling and root planing.
  3. Advanced Periodontitis: At this stage, severe bone loss occurs, and tooth mobility becomes a significant issue. Advanced treatments like surgery may be required to address the damage.

Treatment Options At New Image Dental

At New Image Dental in Inglewood, we offer a range of advanced treatment options for gum disease. Our experienced team of Inglewood Family Dentist is committed to restoring your oral health. Here are some of the treatment options we provide:

  1. Scaling and Root Planing: Plaque and tartar are eliminated from beneath the gumline, and the dental roots are smoothed to prevent further bacterial growth during this thorough cleaning procedure.
  2. Antibiotic Therapy: In order to reduce inflammation and control bacterial infections, antibiotics might be prescribed.
  3. Surgical Interventions: In severe cases, surgical procedures like gum grafts, pocket reduction, and bone grafts may be necessary to repair damaged tissues and restore a healthier gumline.
  4. Ongoing Maintenance: Consistent dental examinations and cleanings are critical for the surveillance of gingival health and the prevention of disease recurrence.

Preventing Gum Disease

  1. Brush and Floss Regularly: Proper brushing and flossing techniques are essential to remove plaque and prevent its buildup.
  2. Maintain a Healthy Diet: Limit sugary and starchy foods and include a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
  3. Avoid Tobacco: Quit smoking and avoid tobacco products, which are major contributors to gum disease.
  4. Consistent Dental Examinations: Establish a routine for routine dental appointments to avoid problems and receive expert cleanings.
  5. Disease Management: Engage in a collaborative effort with your healthcare provider to ensure the effective management of any pre-existing medical conditions, including diabetes.


Gum disease is a prevalent dental issue that can have serious consequences if left untreated. At New Image Dental in Inglewood, we are dedicated to helping our patients understand gum disease, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Remember that early detection and proactive management are key to preventing the progression of gum disease and preserving your oral health. If you suspect you may have gum disease or need expert guidance on maintaining good oral hygiene, don’t hesitate to reach out to New Image Dental for personalized care and support. Your smile deserves the best care, and we are here to provide it.